Developing phlebitis comes as a surprise to many patients since in mild cases, few symptoms might accompany this vein inflammation.\u00a0 Physicians who treat the disorder are typically vascular surgeons or vein specialists. Overview of Phlebitis Phlebitis is the term for inflammation of a vein.\u00a0 Specialists who provide phlebitis treatment usually associate the disorder with the lower extremities. According to\u00a0American Family Physician, among the more serious complications of phlebitis are venous stasis ulcers, which affect roughly 1 percent of U.S. residents.\u00a0 They account for as many as 80 percent of ulcers in the lower extremities. Superficial phlebitis occurs in a superficial vessel under the skin\u2019s surface.\u00a0 Physicians refer to a blood clot that causes phlebitis in the deeper vessels of the body as deep vein thrombophlebitis, also called deep venous thrombophlebitis or deep vein thrombosis,\u00a0MedicineNet.com\u00a0reports.\u00a0 Doctors consider these clots dangerous because they might break free, travel to the patient\u2019s lungs, and cause a pulmonary embolism. Many factors can cause phlebitis.\u00a0 Among the most common are these: \tInjury to a vein \tExtended period of inactivity, such as traveling by airplane \tInsertion of IV catheters \tThe period following surgery, especially after an orthopedic procedure \tBeing bedridden or otherwise immobilized \tHaving varicose veins \tCancer \tClotting problems \tBurns Among the risk factors specifically associated with deep vein thrombophlebitis are being pregnant, taking hormones or birth control pills, smoking, and carrying excess weight.\u00a0\u00a0 According to\u00a0emedicinehealth, the most frequent symptoms of superficial phlebitis include the slow development of a hard, tender, red area that follows the pattern of affected superficial veins; itching; leg swelling; and leg pain the patient might perceive as throbbing or burning. Some patients experience a low-grade fever or tenderness in the area surrounding the spot where an IV line was placed.\u00a0 When there is an infection, the skin might actually break down.\u00a0 Sometimes symptoms worsen when a patient lowers the affected leg, particularly when arising in the morning. Classic symptoms linked to deep vein thrombophlebitis include warmth, leg pain, leg swelling, and redness.\u00a0 Sometimes skin takes on a blue rather than a red hue. Phlebitis Treatment Options Specialists can offer a number of therapeutic options for this vein inflammation.\u00a0 For the superficial type, phlebitis treatment includes warm compresses, anti-inflammatory medications, elevation of the limb, and wearing compression stockings.\u00a0 If the individual has a skin infection, antibiotics might be appropriate. When deep vein thrombophlebitis develops, doctors prescribe anticoagulation or blood thinning to help avoid a pulmonary embolism, which is a life-threatening complication.\u00a0 Drugs commonly used include enoxaparin (Lovenox) and warfarin (Coumadin).\u00a0 Certain ulcers might require surgery. Physicians note that the best way to prevent this disorder is to stay active, take advantage of daily exercise, and move around occasionally when traveling for long periods.\u00a0 Patients confined to extended bed rest can lower their phlebitis risk by wearing supportive stockings.