Spider Veins are red or blue veins visible on the surface of the skin. These veins are very small with short, jagged lines, which make them look like spider webs. Spider veins can appear anywhere but are most commonly seen on the legs. The most effective treatment options for spider veins is visual sclerotherapy, which is an injectable solution that dries out the lining of the vein and causes it to disappear. Click here for more information about visual sclerotherapy.
Varicose veins most often present as large, swollen, bluish veins that run just below the surface of the skin. They almost always affect the legs and are usually painful and unappealing. About 25 percent of women and 15 percent of men suffer from the physical or social discomfort of varicose veins, and half of people over the age of 50 report having them.
Venous stasis occurs when the skin of the lower legs changes as a result of chronic poor venous blood flow. The skin becomes discolored – turning a brown or red shade – with hardening of the skin, due to the constant pooling of blood in the lower legs. Venous stasis is a sign of progressive varicose vein disease, so prompt treatment is vital.
The job of the vein is to collect blood from the body and bring it back to the heart. Healthy veins have one-way valves that move the blood in the correct direction – toward the heart – and prevent the blood from flowing backward. But with chronic venous insufficiency, these valves become broken or damaged, or the vein walls become weak, and blood flows in the wrong direction.
Patients have uncomfortable sensations in their legs and an urge to move their legs to relieve the sensations. Patient’s describe this as “itchy,” “pins and needles,” or “creepy crawly” feeling in the legs. When restless legs syndrome is caused by varicose veins or venous insufficiency these patients may also suffer with achy legs, leg cramps, leg fatigue.
Simply put, phlebitis is inflammation of the vein walls. It produces pain, swelling and redness. Both superficial and deep veins can develop inflammation, which is often caused by things like varicose veins, blood clots or other types of vein injury. Superficial phlebitis is best relieved with treatment of your varicose veins, in addition to warm compresses, anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) and compression stockings.
Venous skin ulcers are shallow wounds that occur when the leg veins don’t return blood back to the heart the way they should. These ulcers usually form around the ankles and may or may not be painful. Venous skin ulcers are a sign of severe varicose vein disease, and the skin may begin to break down or bleed if left untreated.
There are now state-of-the-art, minimally-invasive treatments available to help close varicose veins without removing them. These treatments help improve blood flow and alleviate symptoms and help resolve venous stasis ulcers. Our board-certified physician Dr. Afzal specializes in the treatment of venous stasis ulcers.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition where a blood clot forms in the deep veins, usually the legs. The Cause: Blood clots are caused by anything that disrupts normal blood flow or proper blood clotting. You are at a higher risk of developing deep vein thrombosis if you have had limited mobility for a period of time, injury to your veins, and if your body has increased its ability to clot.
Sclerotherapy is performed in the clinic, in a sterile setting, under local anesthesia. You can go to back to work the same day, with very little downtime.During the procedure, solutions is injected into the diseased vein, which irritates the inner walls of the vessel. This irritation causes the vein to collapse and close, allowing for blood to be re-directed to healthy veins. The body then reabsorbs the vein with time, resulting in a better look and feel to your legs.
Compression legwear aids in leg healing after vein procedures. It also helps with the prevention of venous disorder progression and general leg health.
At Afzal Clinic, we provide Sigvaris compression garments, which use gradient compression. This type of compression applies the most pressure at the ankle and then gradually lessens the pressure up the length of the leg. This helps to direct the flow of blood in your veins back to your heart. Four compression levels are available, and custom items can be ordered in any compression level and size.